Sébastien Couasnet was the guest of the program “Le coq chante”on RFI to discuss the theme of decarbonisation of agriculture and agri-food.
Decarbonisation or decarbonation is about seeking to dispense with the use of fossil fuels such as oil, coal or gas, to replace them with renewable energies. The policy of decarbonisation goes hand in hand with the idea of energy transition. Major international meetings, such as the COP 21 in France, or the COP 22 in Morocco, have established an assessment of greenhouse gas emissions. To limit global warming and its impact on the planet, temperatures must not rise above 2° by 2050. In order to achieve this objective, a policy of decarbonisation has been set up since 2012.
It is a complex concern that involves a technical aspect and financial complexities. Technically, it means lowering the carbon footprint. And this carbon footprint refers to the sum of CO2 emissions from companies and economic activities. And there is the mechanism of carbon offsetting that seeks to rebalance things. That is to say how to make that the polluter bears the costs of the repairs of the environmental damage that his activity generates. And how can we help those who suffer the consequences of climate change to adapt their activities to this new situation?
Now that we have understood the different mechanisms of this decarbonization, we will focus on the more specific case of agriculture. In developing countries, climate change is aggravating an already worrying situation with fragile ecosystems. In the first place, agriculture is carried out with rudimentary technical means, on small areas, which in the long term impairs the fertility of the soil.